What is Total Joint Replacement?
Total joint replacement is a commonly performed surgical procedure in which arthritic or damaged joints are replaced with prosthetic components to restore the function of the joint. The prosthetic device is made of metal, plastic, or ceramic. The goal of joint replacement is to relieve pain and make it possible to perform daily activities more easily.
Total joint replacement is only considered when you have tried and failed more conservative treatments, yet continue to have significant pain, stiffness, or problems with the function of your joint – often the hip or knee.
If nonsurgical means, such as lifestyle changes, physical therapy, and mobility aids are no longer helpful, joint replacement surgery may be the next option to consider.
Common Causes Leading to Joint Replacement
The most common cause of joint replacement is arthritis. Osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, osteonecrosis, and post-traumatic arthritis are the most common forms of this disease.
- Osteoarthritis (OA): Also known as the wear-and-tear form of arthritis, is a degenerative joint disease. This chronic condition occurs as a result of changes or damage to the cartilage that cushions joints, resulting in stiffness, pain, swelling, and limited joint function. Joint trauma, obesity, repeated stress on the joint, bone deformities and metabolic diseases are often responsible for cartilage damage, leading to further deterioration of the joint. Joint replacement surgery is often recommended in the final stages of osteoarthritis, when mobility and quality of life are significantly impacted.
- Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA): An autoimmune disease in which the body’s immune system attacks the joints. The tissues that line the inside of joints become inflamed from the immune cells, causing swelling and pain around the affected joints. Reduced joint function, joint instability, joint deformity, pain, stiffness, and mobility issues are common symptoms of RA. In advanced RA cases, where joint cartilage has severely deteriorated, your orthopedic specialist may recommend joint replacement surgery.
- Osteonecrosis: An injury to the joint, such as a fracture or dislocation, may limit blood supply to certain areas of the bone. The lack of blood supply may cause the surface of the bone to collapse, and arthritis will develop as a result. The most commonly affected areas are the femoral head (part of the hip joint), knee, and shoulder.
- Post-Traumatic Arthritis: Inflammation in the joint that occurs after an injury. This type of arthritis develops quickly, rather than over an extended period of time. Symptoms include stiffness, swelling, and pain in the affected joints. For some individuals, post-traumatic arthritis is a temporary issue that is managed by lifestyle changes and exercise. For others, the symptoms may be more severe – resulting in a chronic condition that requires joint replacement surgery to relieve pain and restore joint function.
The Raleigh Orthopaedic Clinic board certified, fellowship trained Total Joint Replacement Surgeons bring together many years of experience to manage and treat joint complications resulting from degenerative joint diseases such as arthritis, musculoskeletal disease or joint trauma. Visit the Raleigh Orthopaedic website to learn more about our joint replacement procedures and providers.
|· Dr. Daniel Albright
|· Dr. David Clinton McNabb
|· Dr. John Chiavetta
|· Dr. Tyler Watters
|· Dr. Scott Eskildsen
|· Dr. Bradley Vaughn
|· Dr. Robert Wyker
Schedule an appointment
Your well-being is important to us. Raleigh Orthopaedic is Wake County’s oldest and most experienced orthopedic practice, serving the Triangle and surrounding regions of central North Carolina since 1919. Raleigh Orthopaedic offers convenient online scheduling. If you are experiencing symptoms such as joint pain during activity, pain that interrupts sleep, joint stiffness or inflammation, click here or call us at (919) 781-5600 to schedule an appointment with one of our orthopedic specialists.
The material contained on this site is for informational purposes only and DOES NOT CONSTITUTE THE PROVIDING OF MEDICAL ADVICE, and is not intended to be a substitute for independent professional medical judgment, advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified healthcare providers with any questions or concerns you may have regarding your health.